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Showing posts from May, 2008

Final judgment in the light of inclusion

If all people are already reconciled to God in Christ, then why a final judgment at Jesus' return? And why, as a result of that judgment, will God cast out some if all are already included?

We note Scripture's use of "casting into outer darkness," "separating sheep from goats" and similar phrases to speak of circumstances related to final judgment. We acknowledge that such phrases are symbolic. But symbolic of what?

In answering this and related questions, I've found help from Robert Farrar Capon in his book, "Kingdom, Grace, Judgment" (Eerdmans, 2002, see book cover above). Capon analyzes Jesus' parables, which speak frequently of judgment and hell. Following are illustrative quotes related to these topics. I recommend a careful reading of the whole book for the details, including Capon's careful scriptural argumentation. You may also be interested in reading a recent blog from Baxter Kruger on the same topic: click here.

-Ted Johnst…